Acute Cardiovascular Responses to the Application of Manual Lymphatic Drainage in Different Body Regions
Murat Esmer, MSc,1 Ilke Keser, PhD,1 Dilek Erer, MD,2 and Buse Kupeli, MSc1. Lymphatic Research Biology 2018
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate acute cardiovascular responses to manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) on different parts of the body.
Materials and Methods: Thirty healthy individuals (10 women and 20 men) participated in the study voluntarily. Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), respiration frequency, and oxygen saturation were measured before and after MLD was applied to different regions of the body (neck, abdomen, anastomosis, arm, and leg). HR, SBP, and DBP were measured with a sphygmomanometer (OMRON, USA) and oxygen saturation was measured with a pulse oximeter.
Results: Increase in DBP was seen after abdominal drainage (p=0.038); reduction in SBP (p=0.002) and DBP (p=0.004) after neck drainage; reduction in SBP (p<0.001) and HR (p=0.004) after arm drainage; and reduction in SBP and DBP after leg drainage. There was no change in the oxygen saturation levels of participants after MLD (p>0.05).
Conclusions: In healthy subjects, the effects of MLD were found to vary according to the region of application. This study signals that the cardiovascular effects of MLD treatment vary in different regions of the body.